Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Bipolar disorder symptoms and treatment

Bipolar disorder is a mental health disorder condition. In bipolar disorder, depression occurs alternately, it is called manic depression.

It brings extreme mood swings that include emotional highs(mania or hypomania) and lows (depression).

The person with bipolar disorder needs effective medical treatment.

In this article, we will be talking about the symptoms, causes, risk factors, and other complications of bipolar disorder.

We will also be discussing possible remedies to cure bipolar disorder, treatment, and natural remedies like lifestyle remedies. How effective treatment to cure bipolar disorder and support of your near ones can help you overcome this disorder.

It is important to know do people know that they are suffering from bipolar disorder.

Symptoms

There are several symptoms of bipolar disorder. These may include mania or hypomania and depression.

Unpredictable changes can be caused to children, young adults due to the symptoms of bipolar disorder which results in significant distress and difficulty in life.

When someone loses interest and pleasure in most of the activities and feeling sad, he/she may be depressed. Also sometimes people who have this disorder feel extremely energetic and may feel euphoric, full of energy, or usually irritable. 

Bipolar Disorder has many symptoms for children, adults. It ranges from Feeling of empty, hopelessness, or tearful.
Either insomnia or sleeping too much.
Either restlessness or slowed behavior.
Fatigue or loss of energy.
Feeling of worthlessness, or excessive guilt.
Decreased ability to think.
Thinking about or planning suicide.
Significant weight gain or weight loss.

Mood swings affect sleep, energy, activity, judgment, behavior, and ability to think clearly. Episodes of mood swings occur few times or multiple times. Some also experience some emotional symptoms while others don’t.

Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition and it can be treated with an effective treatment plan and its symptoms can be controlled.

Proper counseling and psychological counseling are also required to treat it.

Bipolar Disorder Types

Bipolar I Disorder

Having at least one excitement episode(mania) preceded by or followed by an episode of lows or hypomania. In some cases, mania may trigger a break from reality.

Bipolar II Disorder

Having at least one major depressive episode and an episode of hypomanic and also one episode of hypomania but not having an episode of mania.

Cyclothymic Disorder

You have at least two years or one year in children and teenagers- of many periods of hypomania symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms.

Other types of Disorder

These include, for example, bipolar and related disorders induced by certain drugs or alcohol or due to medical conditions, such as Cushing disease, multiple sclerosis, or stroke.

Bipolar II disorder is not a milder form of bipolar I diagnosis, it requires a separate diagnosis.

While the manic episode of bipolar I disorder, can be severe and dangerous, individuals with bipolar II disorder may remain depressed for a longer time, which will lead to many future improvements.

Although symptoms of bipolar disorder can also occur in young adults, with the best treatment it can be diagnosed mainly in teenagers or early ’20s.

MANIA AND HYPOMANIA

Mania and hypomania are two distinct types of episodes but can have common symptoms.

Mania is more sensitive to us because it can be a serious condition and require hospitalization. It can affect your work at school and social activities as well as relationship difficulties.

Symptoms of mania are-

  • Abnormally upbeat, jumpy, or wired.
  • Increased activity, energy, or agitation.
  • Decreased need for sleep.
  • Unusual talkativeness.
  • Distractability.
  • Decreased need for sleep.
  • Racing thoughts.
  • Distractability.
  • Poor decision making.

Major depressive episode

This includes the symptoms which are highly depressive and causes noticeable effects in day to day life activities like it affects your work, school, social activities, or relationships. These episodes have the following symptoms-

  • Feeling of empty, hopelessness, or tearful.
  • Either insomnia or sleeping too much.
  • Either restlessness or slowed behavior.
  • Fatigue or loss of energy.
  • Feeling of worthlessness, or excessive guilt.
  • Decreased ability to think.
  • Thinking about or planning suicide.
  • Significant weight gain or weight loss.

Bipolar disorder symptoms in children and teenagers

Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be difficult to identify in children and teens. It is usually hard to identify normally that these are normal ups and down, or due to stress or are the sign and symptoms of mental health problems other than bipolar disorder.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be difficult to identify in children and teens. It is usually hard to identify normally that these are normal ups and down, or due to stress or are the sign and symptoms of mental health problems other than bipolar disorder.

Some of them dealing with bipolar naturally while others are under medication. The most prominent sign of bipolar disorder in children can be severe mood swings that are different from usual mood swings.

What Causes Bipolar Disorder

The biological difference

People with bipolar disorder are said to have physical changes in the brain. The reason for these changes is still uncertain but may eventually help in exploring the causes of bipolar disorder for knowing how to cure it effectively.

Genetic Disorder:

Bipolar disorder can be in the people who have their parents and siblings said to have this disorder. It can be inherited from the parents who also have been suffered from it.

One fact shows Genetic factors are responsible for about 60% to 80 % of the causes of bipolar disorder.

Generally, a first-degree relative is responsible for the genetic disorder inherited from parents. Genes are involved in genetic causes.

Risk factors associated with Bipolar Disorder

Factors that can cause bipolar disorder or can increase the risk of having bipolar disorder are the following:

  1. Inheritance of Bipolar Disorder. Having a first-degree relative, such as parent or sibling with bipolar disorder.

2. High-stress periods, such as the death of a loved one or traumatic event.

3. Drug or alcohol abuse.

Complications of Bipolar Disorder

  • If it left untreated, bipolar disorder can result in serious problems, that can affect every area of life.
  • Problems related to drug and alcohol abuse.
  • Suicide or suicide attempts.
  • Poor work or social performance.
  • Damaged relationships.

Co-occurring conditions

If you have bipolar disorder, you may develop other health-related issues that need to be treated along with bipolar disorder some conditions even can worsen the bipolar disorder issue.

  • Anxiety disorders.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Alcohol/drug problems.
  • Physical health problems, such as heart disease, thyroid problems, headaches.
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